Intellectual Property (IP) is all about the output of the creativity. It protect the creativity of an individual. Each country has their own IP Laws. Organization must take steps to protect the resources by the laws. Types of IP Laws
1) Copyright Law: This law generally protect the expression of the idea rather than the idea itself. It protects the right of the creator original works such as musical, artistic, code etc.
Duration: Lifetime of the creator + 70 Years
Example from Infosec Perspective: Infosec Books, Training Course Material, Multimedia Content.
2) Trade Secret: Information that is valuable to the business and is not generally known to the public. This can include Formulas, Practices, Design, processes, patterns or any information providing the business advantage over competitors.
Duration: As long as it's confidential
Example from Infosec Perspective: Proprietary Algorithm, Security Protocols, Incident Response Strategies, Client Data Handling Process etc can all be a Trade Secret of a company.
3) Patent: Protection of the Idea like Inventions. It's one of the strongest form of Intellectual Property Protection. A patent protects a new, useful and non obvious invention.
Duration: 20 Years
Example from Infosec Perspective: A New Encryption Technology, a new Authentication System, a new Network Security Solution.
4) Trademark: Trademark laws are use to protect the goodwill of the company. Protect word, name, logo, symbol, sound, shape, brandname, Slogan etc.
Example from Infosec Perspective: Security Software Names, Company names, Security Protocol, Framework, Methodology etc.
Respond in Comment Section
Copyright Law Question:
"Which of the following best describes the purpose of copyright law in the context of information security?"
a) To protect the physical manifestation of an idea
b) To grant the inventor of a product the exclusive right to make, use, and sell that invention
c) To protect original works of authorship, including software and documentation
d) To protect business practices and confidential information from competitors
Patent Law Question:
"A company has developed a new encryption algorithm. Which type of intellectual property protection is most appropriate for this invention?"
c) Trade Secret
Trade Secret Question:
"Which of the following is an example of a trade secret in the field of information security?"
a) The logo used by a cybersecurity firm
b) A publicly published research paper on cryptography
c) An internal company document detailing security protocols and network architecture
d) The name of a security software
Trademark Law Question:
"How does trademark law impact the naming and branding of information security products?"
a) It protects the product's source code
b) It provides exclusive rights to the use of a name or symbol to represent a product or service
c) It protects the product design and concept
d) It prevents others from revealing the product's confidential manufacturing process
General IP Law Question:
"Which of the following intellectual property rights typically has a term that lasts for the life of the author plus 70 years?"
d) Trade Secret
Digital Rights Management is a layer of access control within the organization for the files/data sets that contain proprietary materials.
The purpose of DRM is to protect the intellectual property.
A key example is OTT Platforms like Netflix, Amazon Prime, etc. Data has three states: at rest, in transit, and use.
Data at rest can be secured with encryption; Data in Transit can be secured using TLS and SSL, and can secure data in transit. The most challenging part is securing the data in use - DRM is the solution to this problem.
The main goal of DRM is to:
Information or Data should be protected against any unauthorized changes. Integrity preserves the accuracy and completeness of the information. Let me ask you this question?
How will you verify that the software you download is an authentic or original executable/binary published by the software provider?
- Software companies generally publish the hash value of the software along with it. To verify the integrity of the software, you'll compute the executable hash and match it with the one posted by the software provider.
Confidentiality: It's a pretty straightforward concept - Just like your phone, wallet, or bank account, only authorized entities have access to the data. Think about your Bank account to remember this concept.
Your bank credentials are exclusive to your account and must not be shared with anyone else.
What if the bank starts sharing your data with another customer - will you trust the back?
I guess "No." Therefore, authorized entities should only access information to build trust between the organization and the customer.